APHORISMS & OBSERVATIONS

Edward Merkus

 

ETHICS

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We are defined by our religious or personal belief

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It's only a sin if you believe you are doing something wrong

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The world is not wise enough for uranium

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NATURE

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Sol is the spokesman for Nature

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Climate change is nature's balancing act

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Nature's blessing and curse is the idea

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Nature is made of Opposite Ideas

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When the climate is disturbed, so to is humanity

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Nebula is Feminine

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Child rearing is a fine balance

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We have lost our ability to rely on Instinct

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Nature is Beautiful and Ugly

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There are Categories of Instinct

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Life is not a Competition, it is an unfolding of who you are

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Does Nature have to follow laws

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Separating the imagination from nature gives fact

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A Critique of the Big Bang Theory

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Consciousness is a Fragile Achievement

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We all Live in a Fantasy World

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Love is Quiet, Fighting is Loud

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Carbon Dioxide is Food

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Humans are Caged Animals

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Being Good can hinder your Personal Growth

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Are the Laws of Nature Musical?

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Does Science lack Feeling?

 

 


 

ORDERING SYSTEMS

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Some individuals and groups need a cruel and tyrannical father

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The stronger the cage the greater the desire to break free from it.

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Australia is the Missing Link

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A spiritual belief must include the sexual instinct for wholeness

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Tyranny is a compensation for slavery

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Democracy isn't perfect but it's the best we've got

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Freedom is a relative construct

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Stop attacking and we will find peace again.

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A religion shouldn't keep you stupid

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The hallmark of a civilized society is peace, equality, education and healthcare for all

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Can we see the difference between the Old and New Testaments?

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Christianity should be impartial

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Education of the Individual is an Individual Education

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Primitive Elements in Contemporary Systems

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Do we have to Respect Religions?

 

 


 

METAPHYSICS

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God has many faces, God's father has one

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God is doing his best, his father has more experience

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God is Built into Nature

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Lucifer brings light

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Ownership is irrelevant when compared to meaning

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Psyche is Bi-directional

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Is God Conscious?

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God & Evolution

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God as an Idea of an Outcome

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What is Reality?

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Is God Conscious?

 


 

 

ETHICS

 

We are defined by our religious or personal belief

 

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It is our belief system that makes us behave in a certain way, because they generally incorporate an ethical attitude to life. The great religions have very elaborate ethical systems of behaviour. In the Christian tradition it is the basis of the western secular penal code. It is this ethic that provides stability and order to a society's existence and the individual's within it.

 

Looking at the basis of our western ethics we can see that not all of the codes (commandments) are incorporated in the secular law. 'Thou shall not commit adultery” for example, has not become part of the penal code due to the obvious difficulty in policing such a law, but more importantly, to restrict the sexual instinct of consenting adults was seen as a restriction on our natural mammalian instincts. Only two of the commandments were adopted by the secular code, i.e. murder and stealing, whereas the others are left to the individual conscience to struggle over. This is not to say that the religious system does not have means to help the individual make conscious choices over the commandments.  They do this by proposing childish forms of punishment, either now or in the afterlife. [1]

 

In the animal world we see that ethics is based on the power principal. It is the ingenuity of the creature that gives them the ability to survive. It can take the form of pure physical strength as found in larger mammals such as elephants and rhinos; stealth as found in the cat family; or exotic weaponry as found in snakes and insects. When we compare our own behaviour with that of animals, it is obvious that we are not that different. Within a society it is the power of the state that keeps the order. Stray from the secular laws and your behaviour is punished in a measure related to the seriousness of the transgression. The laws are enforced through physical strength, gathering evidence through stealth and aided with the use of exotic weapons.

 

The same applies to major conflicts between nations or idealology's. It is the side with the strongest manpower and machinery, the ability to attack with minimal loss and the use of exotic weaponry that prevails. Conflicts of this type show that the instincts in the animal world are the same instincts that govern the human world.

 

The ethics that governs the nation or idealology is closely related to the ethics of the individual. The origins of all ethical constructs for a community come from the revelations of an individual. It is Moses and Jesus that gave the Jews and Christians their first [2] ethics. It was Mohamed that gave Islam its first ethics, Lao Tzu and Taoism and so on.

 

It is obvious from the above that all great ethical movements begin with the individual and his or her personal belief system. It is the relativity of the ethical construct that's begins with the individual and ends with the individual. It is the individual unconscious that gives impetus to these mass movements and the resulting system that governs the behaviour of millions of individuals.

 

Most individuals are confined to an ethical system that originated from a unique individual. It is a system that creates community and culture and defines the individual within the system as belonging to that system. To stand outside of the existing system, as an individual, is the basis of all ethical systems. It can lead to a transformation of the existing system or the creation of a new system.

 

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It's only a sin if you believe you are doing something wrong

 

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A sin is generally regarded as a transgression against a divine law [3] . The religious systems that exist in the world show that the 'divine law' has many viewpoints. If we look at this critically we can see that there are no universal religious truths [4] , only truths that suite the circumstances of the time and the individual they were revealed to.

 

For example cannibalism is an abhorrent abomination to our western mind yet to some tribes in Africa, New Guinea and elsewhere, the practice and embraced and lived out as a normal part of their behaviour. The energy of the idea had sufficient momentum to grip an individual or group so that it became part of the code of behaviour. What we regard as a transgression against our ethical stance might very well be regarded as normal behaviour to another. When a group adopts an idea, the energy attached to the idea is reinforced and supported by the other members of the group.

 

Our Judaic/Christian ethical system and the penal code attached to the system is well established and supported by the group. Ideas that are not accepted by the system are quickly denounced, outlawed and attached to a deterrent in the form of punishment. This is a typical form of control exercised over the group by a religious or secular system in the form of physical restraint or, in the case of our Christian system, punishment and reward in the afterlife.

 

At a certain point in the development of consciousness, and the development of a personal ethical attitude, an individual has no choice but to stand outside of the prevailing religious system, and make personal judgments based on known and perceived variables. This also applies to the prevailing secular code, but for the sake of self-preservation, it is wiser to remain within the abstract.

 

The relativity of ethics is an important point, which should not be underestimated. It is the circumstances, key individuals and an acceptance by the group that make an ethical orientation law. This cannot however, apply to all people and all groups. It is exactly the differences in ethics that can bring people to a broader understanding of human nature. It is exactly this understanding that can avoid major conflicts between ethical systems.

 

It is the dogmatic attitude that so often accompanies ethical systems that poses the greatest danger. The problem seems to stem from the lack of feeling in most men, for feeling is the function of judgement. Without a feeling, the thinking function turns the ethics into a rigid system, which is turned into a dogma to sustain the system. It is an example of the original revelation being regarded as the one and only revelation and that no more will be revealed.

 

The idea that revelation only happens once is in the same realm as the idea that creation only happened once. All the forces of nature point to a cyclic system of birth, death and renewal as the governing system of the cosmos. To think that our own nature is any different is to deny our origins and our connection to nature.

 

The point of this aphorism is to show that each individual has the potential to make their own judgement and with the aid of their conscience [5] , can make a judgement that is beneficial to the others concerned, even if it is merely the establishment of an alternate point of view. It is this diversity that makes great leaps in humanity's development. It is an error to believe that dogmatism and stagnation, promotes growth and understanding.


 

NATURE

 

Sol is the spokesman for Nature

 

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Sol [6] is the creator of all life on earth. It is the most immediate and easily relatable image of the idea of God. We sense his presence in every way. He gives us light, warmth, energy, climate, stability and knowledge. He is reflected in his divine partner Luna [7] and other celestial bodies in our solar system. We miss him at night but are comforted by Luna and the idea that he will return tomorrow. Indeed, one could say that Sol is the physical centre of our universe [8] . Even with our technology and our ability to see deep into space, no centre to the galaxy or universe has yet been found. The centre to the universe is an idea until we prove one exists.

 

Our western mind has some knowledge of what physical role Sol has in our lives, but it is the symbolic quality that gives Sol his meaning. The sun deity has been worshiped for millennia by cultures such as the Japanese and their Shinto religion, ancient Egyptians, Aztecs, Incas, Phoenicians and Alchemists to name only a few.

 

If we look closely at the characteristics of the sun we can see that they are not that different from the idea of other gods. Sol gives warmth to the earth; it drives the climate, which in turn provides water to nourish the environment and its fauna. The sun requires respect as anyone with bad sunburn can testify. The sun cannot be looked upon directly without damage to one's eyes. It supplies us with energy in the form of radiation, which in turn provides us food. It gives us light by which we can see. Even at night it provides light through refection off Luna. One only has to notice how dark it is at night before the new moon.

 

We can see from the other planets in our solar system that a special set of circumstances is required for life. Too close to the sun and it is too hot, too far away and it is too cold, too large and the gravity is formidable and so on. Life evolves in a very narrow set of circumstances where the necessary elements are present as well suitable temperature and pressure.

 

All the planets and other celestial bodies in our solar system orbit around the sun and is therefore the dominant physical [9] force in our system. With such a reliable influence on our everyday life it is easy to see why we can neglect and ignore the obvious with respect to climate change. We prefer to cling to the arrogant belief that we somehow have an influence over our climate that surpasses the influence of the sun. [10]

 

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Climate Change is Nature's balancing act

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Climate change has like no other issue divided the scientific community into two camps. On the one hand we have the group that believe global warming is caused directly by human activity and particularly CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. The detractors of global warming consider that the CO2 emissions from human activity have little bearing on the general climate.

 

The lack of scientific consensus on this issue leaves me to suspect that there is no definitive proof that either stance is true. On the one hand there is evidence to suggest that temperatures are rising, but the context of these figures is short, i.e., no more than several hundred years. If the climate is viewed from a geological viewpoint a different picture emerges.

 

 A study of gas concentrations in the atmosphere also shows that human activity plays a very small part in the contribution to greenhouse gases. Quite often the major contributor to a greenhouse effect is left out of the argument. That is, water vapour. The figures on greenhouse gas makeup shows that water vapour contributes 95% of greenhouse gases with CO2 contributing 3.6% and other gases making up the difference. Of the water vapour in the atmosphere 0.001% is cause by human activity. Of the CO2 content, 3.2% is attributed to human activity. Of all the gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect, human activity is responsible for 0.28% of all greenhouse gases, the balance coming from nature. [11]

 

What this shows is that human activity has a minor effect on the greenhouse gas quantities and that to argue that human activity is the cause is naēve. The question is not about the temperature rising or falling, but if human activity has had any influence on the climate. All the arguments and figures taken at face value show that humans have negligible influence on climatic changes and that the fervour in the climate change argument is misinterpretation of the data.

 

I do not however propose that we ignore the idea behind climate change. This is where the energy for change has its roots. This is also not an argument against a change from the high CO2 emitting use of fossil fuels to sustainable and renewable energy. Towards self-sufficiency is always a good change and to be applauded. It is the panic that seems to be gripping the community over such a change and the hijacking of the environmental movement by opportunists and individual's looking for quick profits.

 

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Nature's blessing and curse is the idea

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We so often use the term nature to describe the working of the environment, climate, animal behaviour etc, but we have lost site of the very thing that binds us to all these things and that is, the idea. The idea makes us an integral part of nature. The idea is a universal function that we share with most if not all of the animal kingdom. There are even arguments pointing to the possibility that plants have an ideational attribute to their functioning.

 

If we look at the honeybee and how the colony builds its hive, we have to conclude that the information required to build the hive is already present in the bee. Darwin suggests that the technique evolved from small and successive modifications of simpler instincts and resulted in the final plan of the hive and the technique to realise such a plan [12] . This does however not explain where the original instinct and idea [13] came from in the first place. Putting aside the actual physical quality of the instinct [14] , and concentrating on the idea behind the instinct we can see that the idea is either communicated between successive generations of bees or it is something innate in each bee and given new impetus in each bee.

 

The behaviour of the male lion is particularly interesting when looking at ideas. A single male lion will challenge the male leader of an existing pride for the purpose of removing the leader and taking over his role and the female lions in the pride. If this challenge succeeds the new leader will kill the lion cubs from the previous male. To us this sounds abhorrent and against our common sense. In fact it is the simple idea of removing the remnants of the previous male from the pride for a fresh and new start. It also induces the females in the pride to become fertile.

 

We can see in nature that some ideas are to us [15] positive, and others, negative. It is no different in human nature. The idea has from the dawn of mankind been the way we conduct ourselves in nature and with each other. It is however, human consciousness that enables us to give ethical accounts of the ideas that present themselves to us. We know that to build a structure, a life or a nation is positive for the people doing the building. It is growth and moving forward, it feels good and we flourish when doing so. On the other hand if we have to displace our neighbour to achieve this idea, it becomes negative from our neighbour's point of view. This exemplifies the relativity of the ethics of an idea and that the idea rarely ever consists of purely positive outcomes.

 

It is clear from the above that the idea operates outside of ethical constraints. It is the human consciousness of outcomes that attaches an ethical value to it. The idea has however, a purpose in nature that has worked since the dawn of time and its goal is always in the future. It is the struggle for survival and the ingenuity of the idea that enables this survival. It is a popular belief to think that human nature can stand outside of this system because we have a level of consciousness and ethical guidelines. This is a naive belief as the continual struggle between individuals and nations shows.

 

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When the climate is disturbed, so to is humanity

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We know from psychology that when an event or phenomenon is observed that has no obvious reason, the mystery is filled with imagination. [16] Knowledge dispels imagination and when imagination is in the forefront it can either be positive or negative. This aspect of the human condition can be seen when we look into the vastness of space. We have no evidence of life existing on other celestial bodies yet our imagination fills the emptiness with all sorts of wonderful alien creatures. The same happens when we find ourselves face to face with any unknown.

 

The evolution of consciousness and the growing awareness of nature and its systems have given humanity a unique position to observe the climactic system in operation on the earth. In the past humanity knew it had little concrete influence over the climate other than to worship climactic events and endow them with god like power. These gods were often appeased through abstinence, fasting and sacrifice in the hope that these practices had an influence on the climates functioning. [17]

 

We live so closely with the climate that any change, or a believed change in its cycles, is enough to send us off into an imaginary panic of global proportions. The reaction to the idea of climate change is an example of such a situation. As the facts show, [18] the climate is going through a natural cycle and has more to do with the functioning of the sun than the gases in the atmosphere.

 

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A Critique of the Big Bang Theory

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The Big Bang Theory raises many issues that cannot be reconciled. The evidence thus far shows that the universe is indeed expanding; yet it is assumed that it began from a central origin and exploded in all directions into the universe. Before this event nothing existed, not even time [19] .

 

From a metaphysical point of view the theory has flaws in its inability to see beyond [20] the actual event and hints at a religious origin to the universe. It is only natural that we would relate it to our contemporary belief systems. As mentioned previously, the unknown is always filled by imagination and we cannot dispel these contents until more knowledge is attained on the subject.

 

A plausible alterative viewpoint that addresses the non-existence of the universe prior to the big bang event is to believe the universe expands and contracts in a cyclic manner called the 'Breathing Universe’. The idea that the universe expands and contracts in a cyclic manner relates the actions of the universe with known natural processes on earth.  In 2004 it was shown that the earth is moving away from the sun by 15cm per year [21] and our moon is moving away from the earth at 3.8cm per year. The consensus is that the other planets are also moving away from the sun. This would point to our own solar system expanding with the sun as the origin of the expansion.

 

If our own solar system is expanding and the universe is expanding then all we can deduce from this is that the cosmos is in a state of expansion at this time. To make the assumption that the expansion had an origin in a single event is to ignore the natural cycles in nature. Scientists intuitively know that the forces of nature are organised by an expansive and contractive system. As soon as a theory of a single event and a system of expansion was verified, there was a psychological necessity to assume forces of a contrary nature were also at work in the form of black holes.

 

The nature of a black hole is that its matter is in such a dense state that its gravity is powerful enough to stop light emitting from it. Looked at from a psychological point of view we can see that black holes have similar characteristics to the dark and mysterious unconscious of nature. [22] It is the overwhelming darkness; the incredible forces of attraction and the utter mystery are all characteristics of the collective unconscious. [23]

 

The idea of an expanding universe with a complementary dark matter balancing the expansion is a unique description of the conscious/unconscious coupling of our own human nature. The nature that governs our own personality is the same nature that governs the universe. It is the law of opposites as noted by Newton in his third law. [24] It is the same coupling that concerns our contemporary physicists in their pursuit of the answers to the universe in the smallest particles. [25] What is within is without.

 

It follows that the same laws apply to the forces in the universe point towards a cyclic system of expansion and contraction. This theory removes the illogical idea of a one off event, which is seen, as the beginning of the space-time continuum and the beginning of existence. This theory also brings the idea of the black hole as the counterforce to the expansion and a force that would bring the universe into contraction.

 

Unfortunately we are talking about enormous distances and timeframes in the currently expanding universe and the counteracting effect is yet to occur at some time in the future. If we accept this theory as possible, we can assume that at some time in the future the universe and the gravitational forces at work, will reach a tipping point and the universe enter a phase of contraction.

 

I acknowledge that such a theory is just that, a theory, but if you compare the theory proposed here, we can see that it correlates with known forces of nature and that does not give credence to a single and spurious event where all of existence began.

 

 

 


ORDERING SYSTEMS

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Some individuals and groups need a cruel and tyrannical father

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The education of a child is a fine balance between learning and adapting to the milieu and finding an outlet for the child's natural instincts. Too often the education system requires the best behaviour from the children, which is enforced through pier pressure manipulations and a reward system. This does however push all the natural modes of behaviour into the family home leaving the parents or carers at a loss to understand why their children are so naughty.

 

The balance between restriction and freedom is an interesting one. Too much freedom and the child is raised with an unbridled instinct and a difficulty in adapting to their milieu. Too much restriction leads to a crippling of instinct and an inability to think beyond their milieu. The question educators need to ask is, are they educating for the individual [26] or to create good citizens?

 

The restriction on behaviour a child learns as they grow is reinforced in adulthood through religious and secular systems designed to keep incompatible behaviour in check. The different systems in the world show however, that behaviour is relative to the system and each system is reinforced in different ways.

 

We enforce the obvious sexual laws in order to protect minors and the rights of women. Between consenting adults however, our secular laws are quite liberal in that adultery, prostitution etc are accepted as part of human nature and have little or no penalty for their breach. The Christian religious codes do frown upon such activities and try to restrict them by making them a sin punishable with an unfavourable afterlife.

 

The Islamic cultures where the secular and religious laws are combined, the restriction on the sexual instinct is greater than the west. Some breaches are even punishable by death, particularly breaches by women. The more a system restricts what is natural to humans, the harsher the penalties required to keep such restrictions in place. Are the humans wrong for breaching the laws of the system, or is the system wrong for imposing such unrealistic laws on natural human behaviour?

 

It is also apparent that some groups have a wild spirit due to their environmental conditions, undeveloped feeling [27] or simply the veneer of civil behaviour is eroded and the cultural antecedents emerges. The conditions for order in their society require harsh penalties to reinforce the system. This too often leads to the total loss of freedom and human rights and a small elite group transform the greater group into human livestock at the service of the state for the sake of an arbitrary ideal.

 

It is clear from the above that the opposites of restriction and freedom are opposites of the same system and that movement in one or other direction caused an equal and opposite reaction in the opposite direction. It is the classical tyrant/slave system, which is dependent on the antecedents of the group.

 

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The stronger the cage the greater the desire to break free from it.

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This statement is coupled with the above in its emphasis on the restriction of natural instinct. Tyranny is a form of cage that restricts individual behaviour. In this case a system or ideal become the cage. This is one of the major causes of conflict in society, that is, the imposition of laws and codes that the authority decides is in the best interest of the group or for the sake of the ideal that restricts the normal functioning of the individual as a mammal.

 

Some codes are obviously necessary for the sake of survival and harmony. Murder is outlawed in most civilised countries by the secular law but is condoned under certain circumstances by the state. Retribution through execution is quite prevalent in some western countries. When war breaks out and one nation attacks another nation, the law against murder also takes on another context and is condoned, even encouraged by the state. This can reach the proportions of genocide without any consequence or conscience as long as it is condoned by the state.

 

There is no doubt that under certain circumstances any one of us can have murderous impulses when provoked. Simply think of a situation where your own children are threatened with violence. The killer instinct stems from our ancestral past when we had to fight simply to live. It was kill or be killed, much the same as when engaged in a war.

 

How do we deal with such an instinct when it is so much part of our makeup? Restricting it is an obvious necessity under normal social conditions, but what can be done with those impulses to kill? The instinct to kill can be seen quite blatantly in political systems where each member is manoeuvring to overcome the next for the best way to become the most influential. Sports, particularly arena sports, show the killer instinct at its most physical. Its goal is to win and be the most powerful. The spectators participate in the action to an almost fanatical degree.

 

In matters of national conflict, the killer instinct is nurtured and trained for the efficient purposes of killing the so-called enemy. This is one of the reasons states select the youngest members of society to send to war because they are trained more easily than mature individuals, their conscience is not as developed and they have young agile bodies.

 

States go so far as to reduce the face-to-face contact with the enemy by developing weapon systems that removed the contact. Examples of this are systems such as the flying gun ships that kill from the air, unmanned and armed drones that do the same, and very accurate missiles that can destroy a target from great distances. This may be efficient warfare but to remove the individual conscience from the act is to reduce it to an unreality, perhaps even a game.

 

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Australia is the missing link

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Australia is in a unique position geographically and spiritually. This vast ancient and dry continent has for thousands of years been home to a culture that has withstood the ravages of a hostile landscape and adapted to that landscape with an expertise that left the Anglo settlers in wonder.

 

Contrary to popular belief, Australia is not Asian, just as the indigenous people of New Guinea are not Asian. It is the ‘Spirit of the Land' that distinguishes Australia from other countries and continents. It is this Spirit that has a unique viewpoint in the world. To date this viewpoint is still tied to the Anglo-European origins and kindred new lands such as the United States.

 

If we are to study Australia's spirit we have to look at the indigenous people to find this spirit in its purest form. The Australian aborigines stand apart from other groups through a very intricate and elaborate mythology. Everything that exists today was created in the long distant period known as the 'Dreamtime”. It is where all the facets of aboriginal life began and almost every aspect of life has a story describing its creation and how it operates in the life of the aboriginal.

 

The stories are excellent examples of creation myths, which describe the beginning of all life and landscape through an ancestral being. Celestial events such as the birth of the sun and moon, the creation of the stars, particularly the Southern cross, the capturing and loss of fire, how thunderstorms are made and many other stories with the myriad of creatures the aborigines lived with in their daily lives.

 

The very fact that the Australian Aborigines had a clearly defined concept of a unique and nature based dreamtime, points to unique character of the continent called Australia. Psychologically the dreamtime is an excellent metaphor for the unconscious where all dreams both personal and collective, originate.

 

With a spiritual background closely linked to the natural world, it is inevitable that Australia will have a unique perspective on life and on world events. Australia is an ancient land but was only settled in 1788 by Europeans. If we look at the Unites States, which was also settled in the last few hundred years, we can see how the land and the indigenous people effect the new arrivals. The difference between the Americans and the Australians is distinct and will become more distinct over time.

 

The difference between the evolution of the United States and Australia however, is that the US is part of a continent that has numerous countries north and south of its borders which exert other influences on it. Australia has no such influences as it is surrounded by ocean with minimal influence from New Guinea and little influence from Indonesia, which is distinctly Asian.

 

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A spiritual belief must include the sexual instinct for wholeness

 

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As Freud rightly pointed out at the later stages of the Victorian era, the sexual instinct goes through many cycles of repression and liberation. Some religious systems believe that the instinct must be repressed for the sake of developing the higher mental faculties such as abstract thought, reason, creativity etc. Indeed, the instincts in general need to be set-aside or at least, satisfied, for this development. It is however a necessity that a system to claim any kind of inclusiveness or wholeness must include all aspects of the human condition, whether valued or not.

 

We can have the highest spiritual aspirations yet still be physically ill from the repression of our natural instincts. A healthy spirit does not necessarily mean a healthy animal. The opposite is also true; a healthy animal does not mean a healthy spirit. Both aspects of the human condition require attention for mental, physical and spiritual wellbeing.

 

If we look at contemporary systems that promote spiritual growth, the majority of them promote the restraint or outright rejection of the sexual instinct. Wiser men realise that it is impossible to forbid such a natural and pervasive force. Systems also try and forbid certain sexual behaviours for good reason and the protection of human rights. Generally though, humans will be humans and the instinct will not be easily restricted. It is the acknowledgement of this fact that can transform our current system to include the truth of human nature and its instinct for wholeness.

 

The concept of wholeness has been part of humanity's thinking since the dawn of our existence. It is the basis of the eastern Tao where wholeness is depicted as the conjunction of male and female principles. This wholeness in Tao is an ideal goal rather than a finite possibility. As the term Tao suggests, it is the way or path to wholeness. Carl Jung used the term ‘Individuation' [28] to describe the unfolding of the human personality towards this goal.

 

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Tyranny is a compensation for slavery

 

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Tyrants are possessed tyrants by their instinct for control. It is a diabolical situation where the tyrant is actually a slave to his or her own instincts and complexes. Consciousness has become a slave to the unconscious urges thrust upon them. In turn, the tyrant wishes to control his external environment and all those within that environment thus enslaving the people under his influence.

 

 The unconscious plays an enormous role in such systems to the point where a tyrannical individual enforces a complete order of a state in accordance to his own personal problems. The tyrant has no control over his urge to control and the external system they create is enforced with a heavy and violent hand. It is an example of the compensating function of the conscious/unconscious aspect of human nature. It is the compensation the tyrant feels towards the overwhelming influence of the unconscious.

 

I must however make the distinction between the pedestrian tyrant and the shamanic tyrant. The possession the former feels is milder and these individuals generally have some humanity left in their personality. The second type has a strange and dreadful spell over his environment of a shamanic quality where the individual loses his humanity and gives over to his unconscious and is completely possessed by it.

 

Examples of the former and latter types can be seen in the Italian and German episodes in the mid twentieth century. Mussolini was intoxicated with his power. Hitler on the other hand, was completely possessed by the marauding, warlike and magical Teutonic deity Odin [29] . Being an old German God gave the possession an energy that most Germans could not resist. What Hitler was possessed by, also possessed most of the German people. When people came to their senses it was too late and the tyranny was in place.

 

It was a catastrophe on enormous scale and emphasises the fact that our historical myths have not been outgrown and lie just below the surface of consciousness waiting for an opportunity to overwhelm us again. It shows the importance of including our historical myths in our education system. Awareness and understanding of our ancestral past may save us from future possessions and give us insight into who we are.

 

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Democracy isn't perfect but it's the best we've got

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It is obvious that the freedom [30] democracy brings is cherished by its adherents and as we can see from new democracy's, is very difficult to relinquish. It is however not for everyone. Behaviour is such that it can be very traumatic to have strict laws and customs, which have evolved over many years, suddenly removed and replaced by a democratic system that does not restrict the group's instincts as it did before.

 

An example of this is when an existing culture comes into contact with another culture with a different system of order. The culture's old system is wrenched apart and replaced with the new system. If the new system does not fit the existing system, it leads to a loss of ‘spirit' [31] . The original culture loses its foundations and becomes lost. The effects of this loss have a tendency towards intoxication or violence. The former a retreat from the loss and the other a fight to regain what was lost.

 

Examples of these tendencies can be seen in the effect the Anglo settlement of Australia and the effect it had on the indigenous Aborigines. Two centuries later and we are still trying to reconcile these effects. Contemporary Australians have since learned to appreciate the intricate story base and adaptation skills of the Aborigines.

 

An example of an outburst of violence can be seen in an army invading a foreign land. The invasion of Iraq by the so-called 'Coalition of the Willing” achieved the removal of the ordering system of Saddam Hussein. For whatever reason the coalition did invade, the removal of the system caused firstly the looting of the country's treasures, then a fight to regain their lost system.

 

We can say all the best things about democracy but to impose something from the outside on a people that have never experienced such a system is bound to failure. Saddam's removal brought about a resurgence of an extreme fundamentalist religious attitude in order to set limits on the instinctual foundation that had its control system removed. The future will show in what direction Iraq will move, but I suspect that the prevailing religious system will erode the imposed democracy and eventually swallow it.

 

I by no means regard democracy as the final or best ordering system available and it should be known that political systems are generally coupled with religious systems. The problem with democracy is that it is based on the herd mentality. Elections can be easily manipulated through the media and with offers of a better life, more money or more benefits. Personality can also play and important role is swaying voters to choose their next leader. Idealism rarely enters the mix unless there is an external pressure or fear that has influence on the voter's decision-making process.

 

In addition to the ability to sway public opinion through various means, political leaders have also to satisfy those groups that hold much influence on them through monetary donations and offers of support. Sometimes one gets the feeling that a country is run by shadowy figures behind the leaders who exert pressure and sway opinion by means that are anything but transparent.

 

Generally speaking though, democracy is the best chance that an individual has for personal development, which in turn enriches the system the individual belongs to. It is the freedom to explore ideas and express those ideas that gives a democratic system its vitality, variety and colour. It is by far the best system for advancement of the individual because it attempts to respect the individual's rights to life, liberty and justice.

 

***

Freedom is a Relative Construct

***

What is freedom? Some say it is the freedom to express oneself. This has its limits in any culture, particularly nowadays. [32] Rousseau believed that freedom was inherent to humanity but we know that all cultures put some restriction on individual’s natural instincts, and for good reason.

 

Freedom has two influences. The first and best known is the freedom modifying aspect from an external influence. This would include a governing body such as a government, regime and spiritual belief. These influences can restrict an individual's freedom in ways that are both beneficial and detrimental, depending on the circumstance. For example, freedom of expression is admired in some cultures but restricted in others. The second modifying aspect of freedom is the influence from an internal source commonly referred to as the unconscious.

 

The unconscious is generally regarded as of less influence on our freedom, but in fact is more of an influence that most people realise. One can even say that inner influences give birth to outer influences. If we look at the animal kingdom, we can see that there are external ordering principals as well as internal ordering principals [33] . If we look at this scenario critically, we can see that there is an overwhelming urge on the male lion's part to have an ongoing life through his offspring. This instinct is an internal influence on his being. Consciousness is too undeveloped in the lion to counteract this instinct and it becomes a life and death struggle for the right to survive. This is the basis of the power principle.

 

The instinct operating in the lion is however impossible to isolate as such because it is coupled with other instincts such as the sexual urge, hunger as well as the urge to dominate. One can see that in this instance the internal influences the external outcomes. The lion cannot be free from his internal urges. The instincts are there for a reason.

 

Human instincts are also there for a reason and we have developed a level of consciousness and have given reason for the instincts and articulated them into our systems. What we regard as a political system and a wonderful construct to order our existence is simply a method of organising our instinctual needs. Marriage for example, is a human construct for the freedom of sexual expression and the rearing of offspring. The system is different but similar enough to ensure the desired outcome.

 

We can see how this works clearly if we consider the political systems around the world. These systems are generally based on a spiritual or ideological belief that works for a particular group and the group enforces its political and spiritual laws for the sake of the group. It is when one system and another system come into contact with little common ground that conflict ensues.

 

Freedom is thus an idea that has many variables and the term on its own is meaningless unless given a context. In other words, freedom requires an object or associated idea to clarify its meaning. The relativity of freedom is determined on the one hand by the restriction placed on the individual from external influences such as the prevailing system's laws and on the other hand, the freedom we feel from our inner system of ideas, beliefs and instincts.

 

When we include the inner working of the mind as having influence on our behaviour, it is obvious that there is only a relatively small amount of freedom that is permitted by both external and internal influences. We know that the external laws a system creates are meant to protect, influence and control its people and the amount of control varies from system to system. Where did these laws and codes originate?

 

The advent of consciousness and the ideas encouraging consciousness gave humanity the impetus to put restrictions on their natural instincts. [34] This is the paradox of human nature. On the one hand, we have inherited all the instincts that drive the animal world, yet we have awareness of these instincts and for the encouragement of this awareness, we create restrictions on the instincts. The paradox lies in the fact that the ideas behind the instincts come from the same place as the ideas to restrict the instincts, and that is the unconscious of mankind.

 

Instincts have a polarity in their makeup. They are no different to other aspects of nature such as light and dark, life and death, in and out, etc. Within an instinct is its dark and original form, which we share with the animals, but it also has the scintilla or spark of its light opposite pole. It is not an easy task to be aware of the spark for its obscurity is like looking for a candle flame in the darkness. It is Lucifer’s spark or the Christian Holy Spirit in its original form.

 

***

Stop attacking and we will find peace again.

***

The first distinction to be made is the difference between the attacker and the attacked. The attacker’s motivation is through fear, oppression, revenge and greed. It is the belief that the other party is oppressive or are motivated by revenge for previous attacks, or simply because they want the other party's resources or assets.

 

Being attacked on the other hand, can be addressed in several ways. The attacked can counterattack resulting in an all out battle for supremacy. They can surrender and put themselves at the mercy of the attacker. They can flee for the sake of self-preservation or simply accept the fate of being attacked without resistance and remain neutral. Neutrality is similar to surrender in its idea of self-preservation, particularly when it is obvious that fighting will not achieve a desirable outcome. It does however try to maintain the individual or group's identity without prostrating oneself to the attacker.

 

The instinct to fight is hard to counteract. It stems from our instinctual foundation where we fought as the only way to survive. Today the instinct is restricted by our ethical systems and is somewhat mollified through sports, games and fighting by others means such as occurs in politics and business. The instinct never seems to be satisfied though and erupts in its worst form of collective warfare.

 

How noble a beast we have become. Murder is against the law until we are at war. This is where the vilest and most disgusting aspects of human nature show itself. Societies proudly train their young men and women how to kill with an efficiency that makes it no less disgusting than the Nazi gas chambers.

 

The question is, do we want to understand our killer instinct for the hope of a peaceful life or are we happy to give free reign to what some consider our greatest downfall? In nature the killer instinct surrounds us on all sides. You just have to watch your domestic cat stalk, play with and kill a prey, only to discard it for its usual evening meal at home. This is tame compared to the brutality and horror of the insect world. What about humans? Can we evolve sufficiently to understand and transform [35] the killer instinct through conscious acts of creation, or are we destined to live out this instinct for all eternity or until the world finally comes to an end. [36]

 

***

A religion shouldn't keep you stupid

***

The creation of an ordering system such as a religion originates from the instinct to create order. It is the desire to sustain and nurture the revelatory spirit, which includes the individual in a group with a shared ideal. This gives the individual an enormous feeling of security, stability and belonging. The system works because it is right at the time for a particular group. To ensure that the system retains its stability and to reinforce the belief that its deity is the 'one and only”, the system can fall into the trap of dogmatism.

 

It is perfectly natural for this to occur because we are most at peace when we have stability and security in our lives. The danger however is that the opposite instinct of growth and evolution is hindered. All living things grow and evolve over time and it is for this reason that all dogmatic ordering systems eventually hinder spiritual growth. The value and importance of an established ordering system is clear for it protects, nurtures and provides a community belonging. It does however not encourage freethinking and questioning of the system.

 

It is also clear that deities can differ greatly from system to system as do the ethics associated with the deity. It is for this reason that conflict often arises when two systems of differing quality's come into contact. The inherent problem with an ordering system that does not encourage freethinking and questioning is that the individual become dependent and complacent with the system for their wellbeing. If the individual loses the ability to be spiritually critical he has little choice but to follow the system to anywhere the leaders choose to take it.

 

History shows us that many wars resulted from these differing belief systems. They are not limited to religious systems either as Nazism shows us. Nazism is an extreme example of how a belief system is made dogmatic and kept dogmatic through violence. To question such a system often led to one’s death. These systems are by no means rare and are more prevalent than we like to believe.

 

The emphasis of this aphorism is the importance of the individual [37] and the individual's own belief system. It is interesting to note that the ancient Chinese system of Tao encourages this very thing. Tao, which translates to 'the way or path” [38] shows that a belief system does not necessarily need to be dogmatic. In fact the idea that life is a journey along a path encourages growth and awareness. It is the very movement along a path for an individual that liberates him or her from the stationary standpoint of dogmatism.

 

The idea of Tao is what Jung called 'individuation” which is based on the individual's growth and development. This is contrary to major belief systems in operation today, which were generally established through the revelations of individuals many centuries ago. The truths established at that time may not necessarily apply to this time. As humans evolve, so to does the idea of a deity.

***

The hallmark of a civilized society is peace, equality, liberty, education and healthcare for all

***

The idea of a civilized society is an interesting one. It raises many issues concerning what actually makes up a civilized society and how is it measured. One thing that we can say for certain is that we suffer the same instincts as the other mammals, including the need to protect and nurture our children, to have standing in the community, to fight off those who would bring us harm and an instinct to grow.

 

Societies are moving slowly away from the dominance of a few individuals to the rights of all individuals. It is this fact that reinforces the slow but inevitable emergence of consciousness in each of us. Each generation builds upon the previous generation and as knowledge increases so too does awareness. This makes us unique on earth, as we are the only species that can be aware of our own functioning. With consciousness comes the feeling that one has a value that is unique and that no else possesses exactly that uniqueness. Our personal complexes and typology aside, we all have a completely individual set of experiences and knowledge of life.

 

The idea that each individual is unique shows that equality requires recognition of this uniqueness and a system that respects this idea, also respects the individual. We cannot predict what a person will achieve in his or her life and is why each individual should be acknowledged as unique with equal opportunity to develop that uniqueness. It is a gross arrogance to believe that greatness can only emerge from a privileged few. In fact the most profound movements in history have had an individual at its centre whose background was of the humblest beginnings.

 

A society that wishes its full potential has to ensure that its people have the best opportunity's available for good health and education. A society that neglects part of its people is bound to have class resentment and the potential for open rebellion. It also leads to a master slave environment where the wealthy enrich their lives through the exploitation of the poor. Do we really need to exploit others to feel good about ourselves?

 

 

METAPHYSICS

 

***

God has many faces; God's father has one

***

It is important to be aware of the many faces of God. The belief systems we have show that each God has a clearly defined idea and character. Even when the deity is not visually personified, its character is clearly defined. For example in the Judaic Christian tradition, there is a distinct difference between the deity of the Old and New Testaments. The former is not personified as such but acts through Moses. The latter is personified through his son and acts in the background through his son. Whereas Moses was human, Jesus was transformed from a human child with enormous potential to the son of God. This was achieved through his thought, teachings, actions, sacrifice and resurrection.

 

Although we cannot put a face to either deity we can distil their character from the writings. The Old Testament deity was somewhat wrathful to his followers, particularly when they did not worship him in the way he and Moses wanted. When Moses returned to his people from the mount he discovered them worshiping a materialistic deity. The following anger and retribution brought upon his people shows anything but a godlike character and more of human instinct.

 

The New Testament deity had evolved [39] from the Old Testament into benevolent deity of an all-forgiving nature who had to pay a price for relinquishing negative human instincts [40] through his son. To sacrifice ones negative instincts of hate, resentment and revenge for the positive instincts of love, forgiveness and acceptance gave Jesus a godlike status and elevated him to a position next to his father. This ability is one of the things that separates us from the animal world i.e. the ability to give ethical judgement to our natural instincts.

 

If we look at God [41] as an idea, it throws light on how different groups can have different ideas yet feel [42] that their idea is the one and only. If a deity can feel so all encompassing and omnipotent, how can our neighbour feel the same way over a different deity? To answer this question we have to acknowledge that the idea of a deity is directly related to the individual or group perceiving that deity. A similar idea is found in Quantum Physics where the observer, by the very nature that he observes, changes the nature of the thing being observed.

 

We cannot however deny that there are characteristics in the God idea [43] that are common to all belief systems and all deities. For example, deities are always far above everyday humanity. In other words they are always ahead of human development, which shows that the idea evolves as humanity evolves. The two are inseparable. Consciousness and civilisation always expands in two directions and is built upon what occurred before it. As we acquire knowledge of the external universe, we also have great spiritual movements that give us knowledge of the metaphysical world. In contemporary language, it is the unconscious and its flow of contents into consciousness that makes us aware of reality [44] .

 

The most personal and easily accessible form of content that flows to consciousness, are dreams. They are however, impossible to predict and act of their own accord. This is typical of the contents of the unconscious. Less obvious contents are waking fantasies and daydreaming. Even less obvious contents are ideas, concepts and creative urges. The reason I say 'less obvious” is to emphasise the fact that we often take credit for an idea when we have no way of explaining how the idea came about. We may feed the unconscious with information or pose a problem to it, but the solution itself flows into consciousness of its own accord.

 

The reason we often identify with the immediate and accessible contents of the unconscious is the association between the ideational function of the unconscious and the way personal memories flow into consciousness. Memories are by nature connected to the individual's conscious experiences in his or her life and are accessible through reflection. They feel personal because they were experienced in the past by the individual, yet they are mere copies of the experience. We can in no way be certain that memories are not stored for a purpose other than personal. Indeed, memories help us learn, they help us understand and without memory we would be in no way accountable for our actions and behaviour.

 

We have to ask ourselves at this point why we have been given memory, what gave us our memory and how important is it when related to consciousness? Firstly, memory is the bridge between the unconscious and consciousness and the latter cannot exist without the former. It is memory that anchors us to time and space; it is memory that builds knowledge into a coherent understanding, and it is memory that enables us to expand consciousness.

 

Secondly, what gave us our memory? If we look at human evolution as being an unfolding and growth of development, we can see that in the physical realm, our brains have grown and evolved from the saurian spinal nervous system, through a rudimentary centralised nervous stem, to what humans have today. This does not however answer the question of what gave us this evolution to grow a brain in this way. Where did this information to grow come from? This is where the beginning of the God idea originates. At the other end of the spectrum is the end goal of this growth and the idea of what a totally evolved being would be like. This is the God idea in its infinite future. On the one hand we have the idea of evolution and the information required for evolution to take place. On the other hand, the idea of its goal characterised by total consciousness evolving from the primeval soup, to the point where the physical is no longer necessary and the idea is total mind.

 

This is the reason we cannot imagine a God clearly because the future has no end. Even if the universe were destroyed, the emptiness of space would still exist in its infiniteness. Mathematics has the same problem. Numbers have no end, when we think that we have reached the limits of numbers, we can always add one. There are excellent scientific arguments that allude to time not being linear at all. These arguments are very convincing, unfortunately though, time for us on earth seems linear as it is recorded as history and at the known velocity of time on earth. To think of time as non-linear may work at high velocities but in everyday life, time is relatively slow.

 

 

***

God is doing his best, his father has more experience

***

The idea of God as represented by the religious systems is at the background to many conflicts. Can we say that it is the idea of God that a person or group holds dear is the causes of this conflict? Is it the misinterpretation of the idea or simply the misrepresentation of the idea that cause this conflict? As with any idea is requires a subject to perceive it and interpret it. Are we to blame the idea as faulty or the interpretation as faulty? Since we cannot separate the idea from the perceiving subject, we have to regard both as being irregular and incomplete.

 

This may seem a bold statement but God by definition, is universal. How can a universal force [45] have so many permutations? Are we to believe that one deity of the many permutations is the one and only deity, and the rest are false? If we regard the many ideas of God as having some truth to them, then we can formulate an even more comprehensive description of God. I cannot say however that such an undertaking will get us any closer to the truth of God, but only approach the truth.

 

As humans, we find it hard to relate to abstract ideas without making a personal connection to the idea. It requires our feeling to be involved for the idea to have a quantum amount of energy that gives us the confidence and enthusiasm for the idea. This is why we need to personify our deity's through an intermediary such as a son, prophet, or the like. This is also why some systems frown upon personifying the actual deity because the idea is beyond appearances.

 

For personifications sake, providing the idea a lineage therefore abstracts (him) further from our understanding and gives (him) a universality that did not exist in his son or prophet. Naturally the lineage extends to infinity, and the further it retreats from us, the further it retreats from our understanding. It connects all fields from the never-ending numbering system of mathematics to the seemingly never-ending physical universe of space. [46]

 

***

God is Built into Nature

***

This is not a popular idea to our western way of thinking. We tend to see God and ourselves as separate from the seemingly chaotic and disordered ways of nature. The truth however, points to God having a place in nature otherwise the whole conception of an all-creating deity falls apart and becomes nonsensical. For a God to have a complete meaning and universality (he) must be in all facets of existence. We can however understand why the Christian deity had a place apart from the natural world and resided over all that was good [47] . It is a natural progression from the unconscious instinctual realm of the animal to human conscious awareness.

 

For consciousness to develop we had to separate ourselves from our instincts and the Christian religion has done this superbly. It is the denial of the reactive attitude towards external events and the sacrificing of our material nature that led to the evolution of consciousness and strengthening of our will and reason. This newfound ethical attitude and the strength of will it gave us led to what most people regard as civilisation as we know it today. To be civil to one another is the hallmark of this ethical attitude.

 

The challenge today is to acknowledge that the instinctual foundations we share with the animals have not been eradicated, but simply projected onto the realm of the underworld and the bastion of all that is negative, backward and animalistic. In the Christian tradition it was projected onto the devil. It is not for no reason that the underworld is in the bowels of the earth, in other words, in the essence of matter. If we look at history however, we can see that all human instincts we regard as unfavourable are alive and well and influence us without restriction. The west still reacts to aggressive acts with counter aggression. We even invade countries because we fear that they may become aggressive in the future.

 

We may ask ourselves, where did the instinctual foundation and its instincts come from? Has our need for supremacy, our greed, envy, jealousy, fear etc not been given to us by God? Can we say that human nature in all its complexity is not the work of God? Isn't nature the foundation of which our consciousness is built? The Christian idea of an all-good God was an absolute necessity in the development of consciousness but its cycle has run its course. It is our instinctual foundation that needs attention and understanding. If we don't acknowledge this foundation, it will simply take control of us and create an environment for its expression by force. Unfortunately, this expression may be counter to civilisation and simply be an urge to destroy on a national, or even global scale.

 

How do we relate the God idea to the brutality and horror of nature? In nature we see a struggle for survival based on physical strength, but also on ingenuity. Examples of this ingenuity are how creatures have developed unusual defences or methods for obtaining food. For example the way some of the smallest creatures like insects, spiders and snakes are also the deadliest. These creatures have developed weapons firstly for obtaining food and secondly, self defence. Are the weapons developed in nature such as fangs, stingers, harpoons, poison, traps, webs etc, much different to our human created bullets, missiles, torpedoes and bombs? The instinct for supremacy and survival is still at the foundation of our being as it is in nature. It is our nature as well.

 

If we look at our Christian idea of a God and his two sons, we can see that both are God's offspring, only in this instance one is a good son and the other the bad son, the good son bringing his fathers consciousness to the world and the other taking his place in the realm of the underworld in the very essence of nature, that is, matter. The necessity for these opposites is critical in the nature of the God idea. We can understand the emphasis on the good aspects as represented by his good son because this emphasis was a necessary leap towards civilisation and indispensable for the development of consciousness. This development does not end here however, for consciousness develops in opposite directions. Under normal circumstances this development occurs in cycles where the prevailing morality is petrified to reinforce the prevailing consciousness. The cycle swings to its opposite with a relaxation of laws to allow more of the natural in us an expression. If there is no accommodation of what is natural in us it can erupt violently in the form of major national conflicts or a battle of moral and ideological standpoints.

 

This understanding of the idea that encompasses all that is good and bad in the world can now be related to nature. It is the idea of the hive of the honeybee and the den of the beaver that comes from what we call God. The idea cannot however be defined and restricted to one group and interpreted as static and unchanging. It is at most an all encompassing idea that leaves our mind struggling to imagine the same as we struggle to imagine the expanse of the universe, and in the least, workings of subatomic particle of matter itself.

 

Contemporary studies into the DNA of humans has discovered that some genes, called Nox genes are specifically designed to create the anthropomorphic structure of the organism and its eventual outcome. Other genes have been identified as having a switching effect on these structural genes. The switching on or off of certain genes results in the information being supplied for the organism to exist as it should exist. The interesting fact in this system of switching is that a simple change to the switch can have the most dramatic change to the outcome. We can assume is why species have evolved so dramatically different and explain why changes in species occur over a short period of time and with out small evolutionary changes as Darwin suggests. It may also explain why there are so many missing links between evolved species.

 

If we reflect on how genes in the DNA strands are designated certain tasks, we must acknowledge that its goal is of a higher purpose. It strives to its complete expression culminating in the species we call Homo Sapiens. I do not for a moment prescribe to a divine moment where humans where created in an instant and sent on their way as God's children. This is an illogical hypothesis. I do however acknowledge that at the beginning of life on earth there was a blueprint of complex design with the potential to evolve to the ultimate outcome. Who or what created the information used in DNA is unknown and shall probably remain unknown. The existence of the information is however, a fact.

 

***

Lucifer brings light

***

Lucifer has many names and is included in many systems. He is often equated with the Christian devil but his character is far more complex than that. The word Lucifer comes from Latin and means the 'light’ bringer’. His name was used for the morning star that we now know to be the planet Venus. Lucifer’s story of being a fallen angel is interesting in that Lucifer began by being associated with the God idea but was expelled for challenging God’s power. He contrived "to make his throne higher than the clouds over the earth and resemble 'My power' on high" [48] , and was hurled down to earth to hover above the abyss.

 

The Christian scholars associated Lucifer with Satan or the devil and made him the lord of the underworld of darkness. The idea of Lucifer however, originated in the light of the God idea and fell into the darkness by his own misadventure. It is not a coincidence that it is exactly the way we feel when we give in to a temptation or do something that goes against our personal or collective belief system. It is a return to unconsciousness and instinct.

 

If we look at the depiction of Lucifer in images we can see that he no longer has the wings of an angel but the wings of a bat [49] . In the Christian tradition Satan is often depicted having a tail, horns and cloven feet that is depicted with animal features. The origin of Lucifer shows that his fall back into the realm of darkness [50] and instinct immediately creates a bi-polar system. The idea of God and Lucifer are indispensable to each other. It is the opposites of the light of consciousness and understanding and the darkness of unconsciousness and animal instinct [51] . These opposites of light and dark; good and evil; high and low etc, are the natural systems found everywhere in nature and the bi-polar aspect of the system gives life its energy. The removal of one part leads to the collapse of the system and life meaningless and without potential.

 

The human race is growing from the darkness of the ancestral animal to the idea of total awareness and consciousness. This system works because all life originates from the minutest beginnings and grows to its specific outcome. Similarly, each human child grows from the dark primordial womb and through example and education, to a certain level of awareness and civilisation. The ability to learn to the current level of civilisation has however, required millions of years of evolution to attain.

 

The light of Lucifer is this potential for growth and striving to its natural outcome. What starts as a mere scintilla has the potential to evolve into the total light of the idea. We cannot say that Lucifer represents the dark instinctive background of the unconscious in totality however. Lucifer is the morning star, the divine spark and the divine fire for consciousness and illumination. It is this spirit associated with all instincts that has given humanity the impetus to evolve beyond the lower mammals.  To disregard or neglect our instincts is also to disregard that spark. This in turn leads to a stagnation and petrification of life and the loss of energy.

 

It is interesting ti note that there is a relation between Lucifer's spark and the idea of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit has feeling attached to it in the form of the loving and positive son. Lucifer is the earlier undifferentiated earthly version of the Holy Spirit.

 

 



[1] The 'afterlife' is common to religious systems and used as a form of control with the promise of reward or punishment if the correct behaviour is not adhered to in this life.

[2] The ethics of these groups has been debated and added to over the years. It was the initial contribution of the individual in question I am concerned about here.

[3] A law given to an individual from a divine source and reinforced by a religious system.

[4] I emphasise the word 'religious' here as the arbiter of truth. All religions claim to have the universal truth but they can't all be right. I do not for a moment claim that universal psychical truths do not exist; just the same as I can't say that there are no universal physical truths.

[5] Conscience is the inner voice of combined memory, learning and experience that tells us that something is right or wrong. Conscience does however, evolve as the individual evolves.

[6] The personified name for the sun in Roman Mythology

[7] The personified name for the moon in Roman Mythology

[8] I say this in purely physical terms. I am purposely forgetting the knowledge we have of the universe and relating the sun to how it affects us physically in our everyday lives.

[9] I say physical as distinct from psychical. Our imagination has reached the limits of our universe but we have little idea of the physical influence of bodies outside of our solar system.

[10] See the Section in 'Nature', 'Climate Change is Nature's Balancing Act' in this document.

[11] Data compiled at http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/greenhouse_data.html and sourced from Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (the primary global-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy) Oak Ridge, Tennessee; IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Stoke Orchard, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL52 7RZ, United Kingdom; The Geologic Record and Climate Change by Dr. Tim Patterson, January 2005 Professor of Geology-- Carleton University Ottawa, Canada

[12] 'On the Origin of Species' Charles Darwin, March, 1998  [E-text #1228], Chapter VII, Instinct

[13] I distinguish between instinct and idea only by intensity of energy. An instinct grips you and moves you to action. It is as if the idea behind the instinct activates other systems in the physical system we call our body.

[14] Darwin's use of the term 'instinct' does not clarify the mechanism at work here. To be accurate I prefer to clarify instinct as a physical urge to action and its associated idea of what action is to be carried out.

[15] I say 'to us' because in nature there is no ethics as such. Nature exists in its own right and whether an idea is good or bad is to nature irrelevant.

[16] Analytical Psychology

[17] Natural events such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions also fall into this category

[18] See 'Nature, Climate Change is Nature's Balancing Act'

[19] ‘A Brief History of Time’ by Stephen W. Hawking, Bantam Books

[20] I say beyond because to see into the future and into the past, are beyond our present perception. It is looking into the distance

[21] This measurement was made by Russian dynamicists Gregoriy A. Krasinsky and Victor A. Brumberg

[22] The unconscious seems to cover the whole expanse of nature. It is the information within the unconscious that gives the animal world the ability to survive.

[23] The term 'Collective Unconscious' was termed by Carl Jung to describe the deeper layers of the unconscious that produces collective dreams and myths.

[24] Newtons Third Law states that 'For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.'

[25] Quantum Mechanics

[26] Keep in mind that all great leaps in culture are created by individuals.

[27] Feeling being the function that softens our instinct for hatred and destruction. Feeling is fundamental to the Christian myth.

[28] The term 'Individuation' was originally used by the Scholastic Philosophers of the 13th century

[29] Odin is also known as Wotan and is characterised by fury, excitation, wisdom, war and death. He is also associated with magic, poetry, prophesy, victory and the hunt.

[30] See the passage 'Freedom is Relative Construct' in Ordering Systems

[31] 'Spirit' in this context refers to the ordering processes of the unconscious and the associated myths.

[32] Year 2009

[33] See the passage on the male lion in ‘Nature’s blessing and curse is the idea’

[34] See 'Nature''Nature is made of Opposite Ideas'

[35] I say transform because to repress an instinct merely leads to a crippling of personality with its eventual eruption at a later time.

[36] The world will most definitely end with the supernova of our sun.

[37] It is the personal ordering system of each individual that I wish to encourage. I know that to stand-alone in one's own beliefs is one of the hardest tasks we can pursue. It must however be encouraged to avoid the great calamities of our age.

[38] The concept of Tao can be seen in the western idea called the 'Principle of Individuation' first considered by Aristotle and later Thomas Aquinas and the Scholastic philosophers. Carl Jung later used the term and defined it as the path of growth through life.

[39] I am not making an ethic judgement that the new god is better than the old god, but simply a progression in development. History shows that we oscillate between  conscious and unconscious, developing each in turn.

[40] The ethical relativity of human instincts is related to a groups belief system. What is good for one person is not necessarily good for another as shown in the different ethics in the varying belief systems.

[41] I use the term in the plural to encompass all the belief systems.

[42] I use the word feel because we cannot logical define why a person can see his God as the one and only God, but it just feels that way.

[43] Carl Jung uses the term 'God image' which he equates with the idea of God.

[44] Reality is a psychic phenomenon and includes both conscious and unconscious.

[45] I use the term force because a direct example of a God influence is through synchronistic experiences. These manifest themselves as connected events of an inner and outer nature. C G Jung calls synchronicity an Acausal Connecting Principal operating outside the boundaries of cause/effect and space/time.

[46] It is interesting to note that the further we see into space via the Hubble Telescope the further away the boundaries of the universe are perceived. It is not known if the perceived universe is the only universe either. The further we see into space the further we also see back in time, billions of years into the past.

[47] This statement is made from the Christian point of view and not from what is known as the relativity of ethics.

[48] Jewish Encyclopedia: article Lucifer- Wikipedia

[49] Gustave Doré's illustration for Paradise Lost, Book III & IV by John Milton.

[50] It is only from our point of view that animals dwell in the darkness of instinctuality because we compare them to our level of self awareness.

[51] This phrase does not in any way reflect a negative connotation of instinct. On the contrary, it is instinct that has enabled us to evolve to our current level of civilisation.